The Basic Metabolic Panel (BMP) is a frequently ordered panel of tests that gives you and your doctor important information about the current status of your kidneys, blood sugar, and electrolyte and acid/base balance. Abnormal results, and especially more than one abnormal result, can indicate a problem that needs to be addressed.
This offering includes blood drawing at any of our over 1,500 contracted facilities around the nation as well as a the 8 specific tests that the Basic Metabolic Profile consists of.
The BMP is a group of tests that have been become a standard set of tests used by doctors everywhere.
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Age Range: all
How is the sample collected for testing?
The BMP uses a tube of blood collected by inserting a small "butterfly" needle into a vein your arm.
Do I NEED to fast?
If you have any reservations, please call our hotline beforehand or ask your doctor whether you should be fasting for 10 to 12 hours prior to the blood draw. Depending on the reason for ordering the BMP, it may be drawn after fasting or on a random basis.
How is it used?
The BMP is used to monitor hospitalized patients and to monitor patients with some known conditions, such as hypertension and hypokalemia. If your doctor is interested in following two or more individual BMP components, she may order the entire BMP because it offers more information. Alternatively, she may order individual tests when monitoring, such as a follow-up glucose, potassium, or calcium, or order an electrolyte panel to monitor sodium, potassium, chloride, and CO2.
If your doctor wants more information, she may order a Complete Metabolic Panel (CMP), a group of 14 tests that includes the BMP.
Why are Sodium and Potassium more important than other substances?
The concentrations of sodium and potassium are tightly regulated by the body, as is the balance between them. Electrolyte and pH imbalances can be present with a wide variety of acute and chronic illnesses. Checking the levels and balances are a good indicator of many diseases.
What is BUN or Creatinine?
BUN and creatinine are waste products filtered out of the blood by the kidneys. Increased concentrations in the blood may indicate a temporary or chronic decrease in kidney function. Slight changes in these values is indicative of a health problem that may require further investigation.
When is it ordered?
The BMP is often ordered in physician offices and in hospital emergency room setting because its components give doctors important information about the current status of your kidneys, electrolyte and acid/base balance, blood sugar, and calcium levels. Significant changes in these test results can indicate acute problems, such as kidney failure, insulin shock or diabetic coma, respiratory distress, or heart rhythm changes. The test is also often orderd as part of a routine health exam.
The Basic Metabolic Panel is also known as:
BMP; Chemistry panel; Chemistry screen; Chem 7; SMA 7, "Smack 7, (somewhat outdated terms)
Formal name: Basic Metabolic Panel
Comprehensive Metabolic Panel Instruction prior to the test (we will confirm these when you call to complete your scheduling)
Over 1500 Locations throughout the USA
3937 Lake Road
Sheffield Lake, OH 44054